A brief overview of neutering your puppy

The surgery for the removal of the internal reproductive organs is termed:
Castration (testicle removal) in males
Spaying (womb and ovary removal) in females

There are arguments for and against the operations and when might be the best age for surgery.

Pros of spaying

  • no risk of womb infection
  • no risk of ovarian tumours
  • prevents phantom pregnancies
  • prevents unwanted pregnancy
  • if carried out before her second season can reduce the risk of mammary tumours
  • avoids the mess and inconvenience of seasons (usually twice a year for 3 weeks)

Cons of spaying

  • increased risk of incontinence (urine)
  • affects growth rate
  • affects maturation
  • can affect coat
  • more likely to put on weight

Pros of castration

  • no prostate problems
  • no testicular cancer
  • may reduce aggression (take advice from a qualified behaviourist as it may become worse)
  • will reduce inappropriate sexual behaviour e.g. roaming, mounting

Cons of castration

  • affects growth rate
  • affects maturation
  • can affect coat
  • more likely to put on weight

For more information: http://www.apbc.org.uk/system/files/private/apbc_summary_sheet_of_castration_risks_and_benefits.pdf

It is important that you and your vet have a full discussion before deciding what is best for your dog.

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